Quality Assurance and Performance Improvement (QAPI)

Quality care is the heart of what we do, and QAPI is the road to get there! You may be thinking that is easier said than done. The resources below have been gathered to assist you in achieving your facility goals for quality care outcomes. Need another reason to better understand QAPI? As value-based payment becomes a reality, facilities are required to demonstrate the quality of care to consumers and payers, continuously improving efficiency and resident outcomes. Learn how you can get ahead of the game with helpful resources.

  • AHRQ Team Develops Definition of 'Omissions of Care' for LTC (10/19)

    By AHRQ - October 18, 2019

    Adverse events and poor health outcomes are continuing challenges for nursing home residents and staff. Research has shown that many resident harms are avoidable and may be caused by situations in which residents do not receive needed care, often called omissions of care. Omissions of care research in nursing home settings is limited and definitions of omissions of care vary. Therefore, AHRQ has developed a definition of omissions of care for nursing homes intended to be meaningful to stakeholders, including residents and caregivers, and actionable for research or improving quality of care. 

    The new definition, intended as a meaningful and actionable reference for researchers, nursing home residents and caregivers, states: 

    “Omissions of care in nursing homes encompass situations when care—either clinical or nonclinical—is not provided for a resident and results in additional monitoring or intervention or increases the risk of an undesirable or adverse physical, emotional, or psychosocial outcome for the resident.”
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  • CMS Section GG Training Videos: GG0130A, GG0110, GG0170C, GG0130B, Decision Tree for GG0130/GG0170 (10/19)

    By CMS - October 18, 2019

    These apply to all four QRP programs, including the SNF QRP:

    • Coding GG0130A. Eating (6:19)The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services is releasing a short video tutorial to assist providers with coding GG0130A. Eating. This 6-minute video is designed to provided targeted guidance using simulated patient scenarios.
    • GG0110 Prior Device Use with Information From Multiple Sources. This 4-minute video demonstrates how a caregiver can utilize information collected from multiple scenarios to accurately code GG0110. Prior Device Use. 
    • Decision Tree for Coding Section GG0130. Self-Care and GG0170. Mobility. This 12-minute video demonstrates how to apply the six-point coding scale to GG0130. Self-Care and GG0170. Mobility using GG0170D. Sit to stand as an example.
    • Coding GG0170C. Lying to sitting on side of bed This 4-minute video demonstrates how to distinguish between Code 02, Substantial/maximal assistance and Code 03, Partial/moderate assistance when coding GG0170C. Lying to sitting on side of bed.
    • Coding GG0130B. Oral HygieneThis 4-minute video demonstrates how to distinguish between Code 05, Set-up or clean-up assistance and Code 04, Supervision or touching assistance when coding GG0130B. Oral Hygiene. 
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  • Consensus Recommendations to Prevent Secondary Fractures in Adults 65+ with Osteoporosis (10/19)

    By Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research - October 14, 2019

    Coalition Reaches Consensus on Recommendations to Prevent Secondary Fractures in Adults 65+ with Osteoporosis

    Recommendations target all health care professionals who participate in the care of older adults at risk for osteoporotic fractures

    BOSTON (October 2, 2019) - A multistakeholder coalition assembled by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) has issued clinical recommendations for the optimal prevention of secondary fracture among people aged 65 years and older with a hip or vertebral fracture - the most serious complication associated with osteoporosis. Douglas P. Kiel, M.D., M.P.H., Director of the Musculoskeletal Research Center in the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife and Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, is senior author on the report and served as co-leader of the project. The recommendations were published last month in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research to coincide with the annual meeting of the ASBMR where Dr. Kiel was honored with the 2019 Esteemed Frederic C. Bartter Award. This prestigious award is bestowed upon an ASBMR member in recognition of outstanding clinical investigation in disorders of bone and mineral metabolism. 

    The coalition developed 13 recommendations strongly supported by the empirical literature and recommends increased communication with patients regarding fracture risk, mortality and morbidity outcomes, and fracture risk reduction.
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  • SNF QRP: 2Q 2019 FAQs (10/19)

    By CMS - October 13, 2019
    A new Question and Answer (Q+A) document is now available in the "Downloads" section of the SNF Quality Reporting Program FAQs webpage. The Q+A document reflects frequently asked questions that were received by the SNF QRP Help Desk during the second quarter (Apr - Jun) of 2019.
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  • SNF QRP Measure Calculations and Reporting User's Manual Update (9/19)

    By CMS - September 05, 2019

    The Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program Measure Calculations and Reporting User’s Manual Version 3.0 has been posted. The Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program Measure Calculations and Reporting User’s Manual Version 3.0 contains detailed specifications for the assessment- and claims-based quality measures reported under the SNF QRP. The manual can be found below and the Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program Measure Calculations and Reporting User’s Manual Version 2.0 has been moved to the Quality Measures Archive page.

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  • OIG Audit Finds Staff Didn't Always Comply With Care Plan for Residents With UTI at One NF (6/19)

    By OIG - June 19, 2019

    Princeton Place Did Not Always Comply With Care Plans for Residents Who Were Diagnosed With Urinary Tract Infections (A-06-17-02002)

    Princeton Place did not always provide services to Medicaid-eligible residents diagnosed with UTIs in accordance with their care plans, as required by Federal regulations. Specifically, Princeton Place staff did not always document that they monitored the residents' urine appearance at the frequencies specified in their care plans. Princeton Place did not have policies and procedures to ensure that its staff provided services in accordance with its residents' care plans. As a result of Princeton Place not following residents' care plans, the residents were at increased risk for contracting UTIs and for incurring complications from UTIs, including requiring hospitalization.

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  • SNF QRP: Updates to SNF Provider Preview Reports (6/19)

    By QTSO - June 03, 2019

    Effective 6/1/19, there will be enhancements to the upcoming Provider Preview Reports. The next SNF Provider Preview Report is scheduled for August 1, 2019. The updates will include:

    • Pressure Ulcer Measure Transition

     -The current pressure ulcer measure, Percent of Residents or Patients with Pressure Ulcers That Are New or Worsened (Short Stay) (NQF #0678), will last appear on the May 2019 SNF Provider Preview Report. Starting August 1, 2019, this measure will be removed.
     -The new pressure injury measure, Changes in Skin Integrity Post-Acute Care, will first display on the August 2020 Provider Preview Report.

    • Ending suppression of the PPR claims-based measure:  
     -Potentially Preventable 30-Day Post-Discharge Readmission Measure for Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Quality Reporting Program
    • Displaying measure short names in place of their long names and many aesthetic changes to field labels and headings.

    • Update of the Discharge to Community Measure  
     -The refined measure results for the Discharge to Community Measure will be reflected for the first time in the fall 2019 Quarterly Refresh for the Nursing Home Compare website and the related August 2019 Provider Preview Reports.

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  • October 2019 SNF QRP Change: Update of the Discharge to Community Claims-based Measure (5/19)

    By CMS - June 03, 2019

    The DTC-PAC measure was first displayed on the Nursing Home Compare website in fall 2018 and will be refreshed in fall 2019. CMS has refined the statistical methodology for assigning providers to performance categories for public display to align with the Potentially Preventable Readmissions measures in the PAC QRPs and the Hospital-Wide Readmission measure in the Inpatient QRP. This refinement results in greater variation in provider performance categories, allowing better discernment of providers that underperform or overperform considerably compared with the national rate. The refinement will be reflected for the first time in the fall 2019 Quarterly Refresh for the Nursing Home Compare website, and the related August 2019 Provider Preview Reports.

    Background

    ·        The Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014 (IMPACT Act) directed the Secretary to specify and publicly report measures reflecting successful discharge to community for use in the SNF QRP.

    ·        The SNF QRP DTC measure was finalized in the Fiscal Year 2017 SNF PPS Final Rule. Confidential feedback reports were distributed to SNF providers in fall 2017 and the measures were first displayed on the Nursing Home Compare website in fall 2018.

    ·        For the fall 2019 public display refresh of the DTC measure, and in future years, CMS has refined the method by which we assign providers to performance categories to align with the claims-based Potentially Preventable Readmissions measures in the SNF QRP and the Hospital-Wide Readmission measure in the Inpatient QRP.

    ·        Our revised methodology results in greater variation in performance categories, allowing better discernment of provider performance, including those that underperform or overperform considerably compared with the national rate. This refinement will be reflected in the fall 2019 Quarterly Refresh of the Nursing Home Compare website, as well as the August 2019 SNF Provider Preview Reports.

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  • October 2019 SNF QRP Change: Public Reporting of Potentially Preventable 30-Day Post-Discharge Readmissions Measure (5/19)

    By CMS - May 31, 2019
    Beginning fall 2019, CMS will publicly display measure results on Nursing Home Compare for the Potentially Preventable 30-Day Post-Discharge Readmissions Measure adopted for the Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF) Quality Reporting Program (QRP). CMS postponed publishing this measure in late 2018 to allow more testing to ensure it provides a reliable, accurate picture of provider performance on quality, in line with CMS’s Meaningful Measures Initiative to address high-priority areas for quality measurement with measures that will help improve patient outcomes while minimizing provider burden. CMS has since completed this additional testing and have refined the method for assigning providers to performance categories, in which their performance level is compared to the national rate.

    CMS has released two key documents in conjunction with this announcement:  FAQS for Potentially Preventable Readmission Measures for the Post-Acute QRPs and Fact Sheet  for Potentially Preventable Readmission Measures for the Post-Acute QRPs.

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  • AHRQ’s Hospital-Based Re-Engineered Discharge Program Adaptable to SNFs (5/19)

    By AHRQ - May 19, 2019
    An AHRQ-funded toolkit designed to improve the hospital discharge process can be adapted for use in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), according to a study published in the Journal of Nursing Care Quality. Researchers tracked the implementation of AHRQ’s Re-Engineered Discharge (RED) toolkit over 18 months at four short-stay SNFs in the Midwest. They evaluated whether the RED toolkit could help involve family members and caregivers with patient-focused discharge plans; reconnect patients quickly to primary care providers; and educate patients at discharge about their health condition, medications and other chronic health needs. While staff capacity and corporate-level policies may limit adoption of some components, transitional care processes such as RED can be adapted for SNFs to improve discharges, researchers concluded. 
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  • CDC Training: Legionella Water Management Programs (5/19)

    By CDC - May 02, 2019
    Preventing Legionnaires’ Disease: A Training on Legionella Water Management Programs (PreventLD Training)
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  • FY 2020 and FY 2021 SNF QRP Program Data Collection & Final Submission Deadlines (5/19)

    By CMS - April 23, 2019

    Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program Data Collection & Final Submission Deadlines for the FY 2020 and FY 2021 SNF QRP

    These two tables provide the data collection time frames and final submission deadlines for the Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program (SNF QRP) and FY 2021 SNF QRP. The first column  in each table displays the measure name, the second column displays the data collection time frame, and the third column displays the final data submission deadlines.


     

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    • Nursing Home Compare Claims-based Measures Technical Specifications Plus Appendix Updated (3/19)

      By CMS - March 27, 2019

      Nursing Home Compare Claims-based Measures Technical Specifications, including Five-Star QMs -Update March 2019  plus Appendix


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    • CDC/CMS Free Infection Preventionist Training Course and CMS QSO Memo (3/19)

      By CDC/CMS - March 12, 2019

      Specialized Infection Prevention and Control Training for Nursing Home Staff in the Long-Term Care Setting is Now Available

      The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) collaborated on the development of a free on-line training course in infection prevention and control for nursing home staff in the long-term care setting.

      The training provides approximately 19 hours of continuing education credits as well as a certificate of completion (i.e., free CME, CNE or CEUs).

      The course introduces and describes how to use IPC program implementation resources including policy and procedure templates, audit tools, and outbreak investigation tools.

      The course is made up of 23 modules and sub-modules that can be completed in any order and over multiple sessions.

      The course covers:

      • Core activities of effective IPC programs
      • Recommended IPC practices to reduce
      • Pathogen transmission
      • Healthcare-associated infections
      • Antibiotic resistance
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    • Do You Know How To Access CMP Funds? (3/19)

      By OIG - March 10, 2019

      The OIG report, Michigan Disbursed Only Part of Its Civil Money Penalty Collections, Limiting Resources To Protect or Improve Care for Nursing Facility Residents (02-28-2019 | Audit (A-05-17-00019) | Complete Report | Report in Brief) found that the state of Michigan did not fully use available civil monetary penalty (CMP) collections to support nursing facility residents. While the report is specific to Michigan, it suggests some providers across the United States may not be aware of/know how to apply for CMP funds or know what types of projects are likely to receive funding.

      How to Apply for CMP Funds

      The application process for CMP funds is determined by the state in which the nursing home is located. The process for each state may differ therefore states have their own applications for CMP funds and applicants should use their state specific application and instructions.

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