Infection Prevention and Control Resources

With the latest updates to the State Operations Manual, it is more important than ever to promote resident safety and well-being through infection prevention and control. A robust and successful infection control program requires many thoughtfully designed and well-operating pieces—from antibiotic stewardship and physician engagement to immunization planning and tracking, reduced hospital readmissions, and comprehensive clinical surveillance. Explore the resources below to learn how you can bolster your infection control program.

Learn more about  AADNS's comprehensive Antibiotic Stewardship Program in Long-Term Care Virtual Workshop.

  • Updated Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel Guidelines (Part I) (10/19)

    By CDC - October 18, 2019

    Preventing the transmission of infectious diseases among healthcare personnel (HCP) and patients is a critical component of safe healthcare delivery in all healthcare settings. Today, CDC published Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel: Infrastructure and Routine Practices for Occupational Infection Prevention and Control Services, an update of four sections of Part I of the Guideline for infection control in health care personnel, 1998 (“1998 Guideline“) and their corresponding recommendations in Part II:

    ·  C. Infection Control Objectives for a Personnel Health Service

    ·  D. Elements of a Personnel Health Service for Infection Control

    ·  H. Emergency-Response Personnel

    ·  J. The Americans With Disabilities Act

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  • Infection Prevention and Control: CDC Looks at Culture-Confirmed Candidemia (9/19)

    By CDC - September 22, 2019
    Public Health Action: Active surveillance for candidemia yielded important information about the disease incidence and death rate and persons at greatest risk. The surveillance was expanded to nine sites in 2017, which will improve understanding of the geographic variability in candidemia incidence and associated clinical and demographic features. This surveillance will help monitor incidence trends, track emergence of resistance and species distribution, monitor changes in underlying conditions and predisposing factors, assess trends in antifungal treatment and outcomes, and be helpful for those developing prevention efforts. IDU has emerged as an important risk factor for candidemia, and interventions to prevent invasive fungal infections in this population are needed. Surveillance data documenting that approximately two thirds of candidemia cases were caused by species other than C. albicans, which are generally associated with greater antifungal resistance than C. albicans, and the presence of substantial fluconazole resistance supports 2016 clinical guidelines recommending a switch from fluconazole to echinocandins as the initial treatment for candidemia in most patients.

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  • New CDC Infection Control Training (9/19)

    By CDC - August 31, 2019

     

    We are pleased to announce the launch of the Environmental Cleaning and Personal Protective Equipment courses, the latest in a series of 11 new infection control training courses. These courses are part of the new States Targeting Reduction in Infections via Engagement (STRIVE) curriculum intended for the infection prevention team, hospital leaders, clinical educators, nurse and physician managers, environmental services managers, all patient care staff, and patient/family advisors. Additional courses will be launched in the coming months. 

    These training courses were developed by national infection prevention experts led by the Health Research & Educational Trust (HRET) for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

    All courses are free and offer continuing education (CE).

     

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  • AHRQ Study: Adverse Events in LTC Residents Transitioning From Hospital Back to NF (8/19)

    By AHRQ - August 12, 2019

    Transitions from hospitals to long-term care facilities are associated with safety hazards. This prospective cohort study identified adverse events in the 45 days following acute hospitalization among 555 nursing home residents, which included 762 discharges during the study period. Investigators found that adverse events occurred after approximately half of discharges. Common adverse events included falls, pressure ulcers, health care–associated infections, and adverse drug events. Most adverse events were deemed preventable or ameliorable. The authors conclude that improved communication and coordination between discharging hospitals and receiving long term-care facilities are urgently needed to address this patient safety gap. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed challenges of nursing home care that may contribute to adverse events.


    Transitions from hospitals to long-term care facilities are associated with safety hazards. This prospective cohort study identified adverse events in the 45 days following acute hospitalization among 555 nursing home residents, which included 762 discharges during the study period. Investigators found that adverse events occurred after approximately half of discharges. Common adverse events included falls, pressure ulcers, health care–associated infections, and adverse drug events. Most adverse events were deemed preventable or ameliorable. The authors conclude that improved communication and coordination between discharging hospitals and receiving long term-care facilities are urgently needed to address this patient safety gap. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed challenges of nursing home care that may contribute to adverse events.
    Transitions from hospitals to long-term care facilities are associated with safety hazards. This prospective cohort study identified adverse events in the 45 days following acute hospitalization among 555 nursing home residents, which included 762 discharges during the study period. Investigators found that adverse events occurred after approximately half of discharges. Common adverse events included falls, pressure ulcers, health care–associated infections, and adverse drug events. Most adverse events were deemed preventable or ameliorable. The authors conclude that improved communication and coordination between discharging hospitals and receiving long term-care facilities are urgently needed to address this patient safety gap. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed challenges of nursing home care that may contribute to adverse events.

    Transitions from hospitals to long-term care facilities are associated with safety hazards. This prospective cohort study identified adverse events in the 45 days following acute hospitalization among 555 nursing home residents, which included 762 discharges during the study period. Investigators found that adverse events occurred after approximately half of discharges. Common adverse events included falls, pressure ulcers, health care–associated infections, and adverse drug events. Most adverse events were deemed preventable or ameliorable. The authors conclude that improved communication and coordination between discharging hospitals and receiving long term-care facilities are urgently needed to address this patient safety gap. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed challenges of nursing home care that may contribute to adverse events.


    Transitions from hospitals to long-term care facilities are associated with safety hazards. This prospective cohort study identified adverse events in the 45 days following acute hospitalization among 555 nursing home residents, which included 762 discharges during the study period. Investigators found that adverse events occurred after approximately half of discharges. Common adverse events included falls, pressure ulcers, health care–associated infections, and adverse drug events. Most adverse events were deemed preventable or ameliorable. The authors conclude that improved communication and coordination between discharging hospitals and receiving long term-care facilities are urgently needed to address this patient safety gap. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed challenges of nursing home care that may contribute to adverse events.


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  • Optimize the Infection Preventionist’s QAPI/QAA Role

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - August 07, 2019

    Effective November 28, at least one designated infection preventionist who meets specific education, training, and time requirements must be responsible for the infection prevention and control program in every Medicare- and/or Medicaid-certified skilled nursing facility/nursing facility (SNF/NF). One of those responsibilities is to be a member of the quality assessment and assurance (QAA) committee and to regularly report to the committee about the infection prevention and control program.

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  • Updated CDC Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Measles in Healthcare Settings (7/19)

    By CDC - July 29, 2019
    Please note that nursing homes are one of the applicable healthcare settings listed by the CDC.
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  • The Final Countdown: Have You Hired Your Infection Preventionist Yet?

    By Emily Royalty-Bachelor, Staff Writer, with Amy Stewart, MSN, RN, DNS-MT, QCP-MT, RAC-MT, RAC-MTA - July 11, 2019

    The countdown is on. There are only a few short months left until November 28, 2019—the implementation date of Phase 3, and the date by which facilities must have designated the individual who will be responsible for Infection Prevention and Control Programs (IPCPs)—mandatory elements under the requirements of participation in Medicare and Medicaid.

     

    Are you fully prepared?

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  • OIG Audit Finds Staff Didn't Always Comply With Care Plan for Residents With UTI at One NF (6/19)

    By OIG - June 19, 2019

    Princeton Place Did Not Always Comply With Care Plans for Residents Who Were Diagnosed With Urinary Tract Infections (A-06-17-02002)

    Princeton Place did not always provide services to Medicaid-eligible residents diagnosed with UTIs in accordance with their care plans, as required by Federal regulations. Specifically, Princeton Place staff did not always document that they monitored the residents' urine appearance at the frequencies specified in their care plans. Princeton Place did not have policies and procedures to ensure that its staff provided services in accordance with its residents' care plans. As a result of Princeton Place not following residents' care plans, the residents were at increased risk for contracting UTIs and for incurring complications from UTIs, including requiring hospitalization.

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  • CDC Infection Control Interactive Graphic Novel for Environmental Services (EVS) Personnel (6/19)

    By CDC - June 19, 2019

    EVS personnel play a critical role in preventing the spread of germs and healthcare-associated infections

    EVS and the Battle Against Infection” is an interactive graphic novel illustrating the important role of EVS personnel in the prevention of healthcare-associated infections. The online version of the training tool features real-world infection prevention and control scenarios and allows participants to choose options that affect the outcome of the story. 

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  • CDC Interactive Training: Reducing HAI Transmission Risk (6/19)

    By CDC - June 19, 2019

    Healthcare professionals are the first line of defense against healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and the spread of germs in healthcare settings. CDC now offers a new online interactive infection control training, “Let’s Talk Patient Safety: Reducing HAI Transmission Risk,” to help healthcare professionals identify infection risks and prevent the spread of HAIs. The training provides free continuing education for healthcare professionals, including nurses, physician assistants, medical assistants, health educators, and other clinicians. (0.1 CEU and 0.6 CNE).

    The free online training can be completed anywhere. It has two modules and takes approximately 30 minutes to complete the entire training.

    Module 1: “What’s the Risk?” 

    This interactive module transports healthcare professionals into a scenario where they must identify infection risks and take action to protect patients, colleagues, and visitors. 

    Module 2: “Chain of Infection” 

    This story-based interactive module challenges professionals to break the chain of infection in a busy healthcare environment and educates them on the consequences of not following infection prevention and control recommendations.

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  • Early Identification of Sepsis in Nursing Facilities: Opportunities and Hurdles Recorded Webinar/Slides (6/19)

    By NNHQIC - June 19, 2019

    Please join Christine LaRocca, MD and the National Nursing Home Quality Improvement Campaign to learn more about sepsis, who is at risk and the signs and symptoms for early detection. In addition, we will:

    ·        Review examples of sepsis screening tools commonly used in hospital settings;

    ·        Learn what tools to use while recognizing the limitations of sepsis screening tools in the nursing home population; and

    ·        Understand the elements of evidence-based treatment for optimal outcomes.

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  • CDC C. difficile Naming Convention Change (5/19)

    By National Nursing Home Quality Improvement Campaign - May 19, 2019

    The CDC has begun using Clostridioides difficile instead of Clostridium difficile to refer to the bacterium that commonly causes infectious diarrhea.

    The change followed a decision early last year by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI).

    Given that laboratories and medical publications may be transitioning to the new name, the National Nursing Home Quality Improvement Campaign is making the transition when using the full name. However, the abbreviated form C. Diff is still applicable.

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  • CDC Training: Legionella Water Management Programs (5/19)

    By CDC - May 02, 2019
    Preventing Legionnaires’ Disease: A Training on Legionella Water Management Programs (PreventLD Training)
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  • CDC: Outbreak of Multidrug-Resistant Shigella sonnei Infections in a Retirement Community (5/19)

    By CDC - May 02, 2019

    Strysko J, Fialkowski V, Marsh Z, et al. Notes from the Field: Outbreak of Multidrug-Resistant Shigella sonnei Infections in a Retirement Community — Vermont, October–November 2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:405–406. 

    On October 22, 2018, the Vermont Department of Health (VDH) notified CDC’s Waterborne Disease Prevention Branch of an outbreak of diarrhea caused by Shigella sonnei among residents, visitors, and staff members of a retirement community in Chittenden County, the state’s most populous county. High-quality single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis predicted initial isolates were multidrug resistant (MDR), and were closely related to a concurrent multistate cluster (differing by 0–11 SNPs). In the United States, rates of MDR shigellosis are increasing (1); outbreaks of MDR shigellosis are more common among men who have sex with men and are rare in retirement community settings (2). CDC collaborated with VDH to identify additional cases, determine transmission routes, and recommend prevention and control measures.

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  • CDC/CMS Free Infection Preventionist Training Course and CMS QSO Memo (3/19)

    By CDC/CMS - March 12, 2019

    Specialized Infection Prevention and Control Training for Nursing Home Staff in the Long-Term Care Setting is Now Available

    The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) collaborated on the development of a free on-line training course in infection prevention and control for nursing home staff in the long-term care setting.

    The training provides approximately 19 hours of continuing education credits as well as a certificate of completion (i.e., free CME, CNE or CEUs).

    The course introduces and describes how to use IPC program implementation resources including policy and procedure templates, audit tools, and outbreak investigation tools.

    The course is made up of 23 modules and sub-modules that can be completed in any order and over multiple sessions.

    The course covers:

    • Core activities of effective IPC programs
    • Recommended IPC practices to reduce
    • Pathogen transmission
    • Healthcare-associated infections
    • Antibiotic resistance
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