You Are Here:Home/Resources/Clinical Surveillance of Nursing Systems/Clinical Surveillance of Nursing Systems Details
Advance Care Planning: An Exploration of the Beliefs, Self-Efficacy, Education, and Practices of RNs and LPNs.
Objective: This study compared the advance care planning (ACP)-related beliefs, sense of self-efficacy, education, and practices of RNs and LPNs.
Advance Care Planning in Skilled Nursing Facilities: A Multisite Examination of Professional Judgments.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lack of advance care planning (ACP) may increase hospitalizations and impact the quality of life for skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents, especially African American residents who may be less likely to receive ACP discussions. We examined the professional judgments of SNF providers to see if race of SNF residents and providers, and risk for hospitalization for residents influenced professional judgments as to when ACP was needed and feelings of responsibility for ensuring ACP discussions.
Purpose of these resources This is a comprehensive, but not all inclusive, list of resources that may be helpful for nursing homes as they work to ensure that residents who are trauma survivors receive culturally competent, traumainformed care in accordance with professional standards of practice and accounting for residents’ experiences and preferences in order to eliminate or mitigate triggers that may cause re-traumatization of the resident (per §483.25(m) requirement that will be implemented beginning November 28, 2019).
Who should use these resources? Nursing home leadership teams may assign responsibility to a person, such as a social worker, to review the resources below, identifying those that might be helpful for a) leadership, staff, and/or resident/family education, or b) behavioral/emotional care policy or program development or revision.
Why this is important? The included resources provide information that will help nursing homes to build capacity among interdisciplinary team members to deliver holistic resident care, being sensitive to how a range of experiences over the resident’s life may relate to their current physical, emotional, and behavioral health status. Trauma is common throughout human experience, and we need to respond with empathy and understanding. Providing trauma informed care can help staff to avoid re-victimization of those who have survived trauma and create an environment where the individual feels safe and secure.
EVS personnel play a critical role in preventing the spread of germs and healthcare-associated infections
“EVS and the Battle Against Infection” is an interactive graphic novel illustrating the important role of EVS personnel in the prevention of healthcare-associated infections. The online version of the training tool features real-world infection prevention and control scenarios and allows participants to choose options that affect the outcome of the story.
CMS is updating Appendix Z of the SOM to reflect changes to add emerging infectious diseases to the definition of all-hazards approach, new Home Health Agency (HHA) citations, and clarifications under alternate source power and emergency standby systems.
During the holidays, SNF staff across the country welcome an increased number of visitors with special treats to share with loved ones. While extra visitors and sweet treats add to the spirit of the facility at holiday times, they can also pose safety risks to residents. (Consider a yummy pumpkin roll with cream cheese frosting, left at room temperature for 48 hours in a resident’s room.) If you haven’t already done so, now is a good time to shore up your facility’s visitor food policy implementation. Here’s how:
Nurses are critical to the health and well-being of residents in long-term care, overseeing all aspects of care, including residents’ physical, mental, social, and spiritual wellness. Although members of the interdisciplinary team (IDT) assist with their respective disciplines, the nurse is ultimately the one with 24/7 oversight of resident care. Nurses are the eyes and ears of the physician in the long-term care setting and serve as advocates for the residents during the drug regimen review (DRR).
Since the most recently updated CMS guidelines regarding DRR which includes medication reconciliation in the skilled nursing facility were released, facilities have struggled to understand the rules. One of the significant drivers behind these new regulations is the increased rate of medication-related adverse drug events (ADEs). One critical item, however, is still missing from the updated requirements—the resident perspective on medications. The CMS guidelines address DRR and identify the medications that must be reviewed, the scheduling of reviews, clinically significant medication issues, the facility-designated person responsible for conducting the DRR, and communication between the physician and nurse. Little to no mention is made of resident preference and choice related to medications. Do residents want to take all those medications? Is their quality of life improving?
Nursing homes can have the most beautiful policies and procedures for infection prevention and control in the world, but if staff aren’t following through on them, they are a waste of paper, notes Deb Patterson Burdsall, PhD, RN-BC, CIC, FAPIC, an infection prevention and control consultant and faculty member at the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) in Arlington, VA.
“So monitoring and auditing infection prevention processes in the facility is a critical component of quality care,” says Burdsall. “Unfortunately, the focus on infection prevention has not always been well-supported because infection surveillance, monitoring whether proper supplies are available and used correctly, and watching whether staff are performing hand hygiene and correctly using personal protective equipment all take time, which means the effort costs money.”
Through Oct. 13, influenza activity remained low across the United States. However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) expects flu outbreaks to increase in the coming months. Avoiding and minimizing flu outbreaks not only protects residents and staff, it protects the facility as well given the laser focus on infection prevention and control that state surveyors have had during the first year of the Long-term Care Survey Process (LTCSP).
Directors of nursing services (DNSs) can work with the interdisciplinary team, residents, and families to reduce the risk of influenza transmission and minimize any outbreaks that occur. Limiting transmission requires a bundled approach, including the following steps:
Since the new Long-Term Care Survey Process (LTCSP) launched on November 28, 2017, 702 citations have been given for F686 (Skin Integrity). 22% of those tags are a G scope or above. Many of the citations are for:
· Failure to provide care to treat and/or prevent worsening pressure ulcers
· Failure to prevent facility-acquired pressure ulcers
· Failure to develop and/or follow the care plan
· Failure to ensure accurate assessment, obtain treatment orders, or communicate with other professional staff
· Failure to prevent infection of wounds
Widespread pressure ulcer issues are no surprise when facilities don’t have proper protocols in place for prevention, early identification, and treatment, according to Wendy DeCarvalho, MS, BSN, RN, DNS-CT, Director of Nursing for Scotia Village in North Carolina. As a DNS and clinical nurse consultant in long-term care facilities nationwide, DeCarvalho has worked to improve Quality Measures, including those for pressure ulcer rates. “If the staff doesn’t have protocols in place, pressure ulcers often go unchecked, untracked, and untreated,” she says. She recommends the following best practices.
To access this article, please login or sign up for a membership.